What is Spina Bifida
Spina bifida is a birth development condition, Its when a baby’s spine and spinal cord don’t develop correctly in the womb, resulting in a gap in the child’s spine.
The condition is a type of neural tube defect. The neural tube is the structure that eventually develops into the baby’s brain and spinal cord.
The neural tube starts to form in the very early stages pregnancy and closes about 4 weeks after conception.
In spina bifida, part of the neural tube doesn’t develop or close properly, leading to defects in the spinal cord and bones of the spine (vertebrae).
It’s not known what causes spina bifida, but a lack of folic acid before and in the early stages of pregnancy is a significant risk factor.